Hospices Billed One-Third of GIP Stays Inappropriately, costing Medicare $268 Million

GIP Hospice

A recent OIG report states that in 2012 hospices inappropriately billed almost one-third of Medicare general inpatient care (GIP) stays that led to $268 million inappropriate Medicare payments. The GIP level of care covers hospice inpatient unit, hospital, or SNF services for pain control or acute or chronic symptom management that cannot be managed in other settings, such as the beneficiary’s home.

According to OIG findings, in 20% of GIP stays in 2012 the beneficiary did not need GIP at all, while for an additional 10% of GIP stays, the GIP level of care was only needed for a portion of the stay. In addition, in 1% of stays reviewed, there was no evidence that the beneficiary elected hospice care or was certified as having a terminal illness. For example, a hospice billed for GIP for a beneficiary with a circulatory disease who had no unmanaged symptoms. This beneficiary could have been cared for at home, but the hospice billed Medicare for 46 consecutive days of GIP. The hospice was paid just over $31,000 for the stay.

OIG Report

Here’s a peek at the other OIG findings from the report:

  • For 85% of GIP stays Hospices did not meet all care planning requirements
  • In 9% of GIP stays Hospices did not provide enough nursing, physician, or medical social services
  • Florida, Ohio, and Arizona had higher proportions of inappropriate GIP stays
  • Hospices were more likely to bill wrongly for GIP provided in SNFs than other settings
  • For-profit hospices were more likely than other hospices to submit inappropriate bills for GIP
  • Medicare Part D sometimes paid for drugs during GIP stays that should have been covered under the hospice daily rate
  • Specifically, the OIG recommends that CMS:
  • Increase its oversight of hospice GIP claims and review Part D payments for drugs for hospice beneficiaries
  • Make sure that a physician is involved in the decision to use GIP
  • Conduct prepayment reviews for lengthy GIP stays
  • Increase surveyor efforts to ensure that hospices meet care planning requirements
  • Establish additional enforcement remedies for poor hospice performance
  • Follow up on inappropriate GIP stays, inappropriate Part D payments, and poor-quality care identified by the OIG.

For additional information, see the full report, HERE

For your continued education and learning, expert speaker Susan Balfour, BA, RN, will be exploring the OIG reports on GIP in an audio session. Join her to get insights on the GIP regulations and what providers need to do to comply.

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